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Old 23-May-2003, 11:36
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Lightbulb Emule tweak tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

I've put mirror of this guide at Emule tips guide - it will remain there also so please feel free to link to it

Specific emule connection speed up information and tips are at towards the bottom of this post (see 'Emule connection tweaks').

You may wonder why you should use emule in place of edonkey, well that's a matter of choice, I prefer emule, it's open source and very regularly updated. Changing from edonkey is very simple, just download the zip file and copy the files into your edonkey directory (perhaps backup the directory first!).

What Is Emule / Edonkey?: emule is a popular peer2peer / p2p file sharing client, it's an open source version of edonkey and uses the same ed2k / edonkey2000 p2p network. Most of the edonkey tips are therefore applicable. Emule is a little like napster, the differences from napster include: It has many servers in many countries which are unlikely to be shut down. It allows sharing of any file type (not just mp3's). It does multiple source download, i.e. it will retrieve the file from many places at once, it can give a very fast download (like 60 Kbytes/sec on 512/256 ADSL).

The real strength of emule is the content, the amount of high quality downloadable content beats most any other p2p networks currently, this is especially so for large files like movies (700 megs plus). A strong sense of community is created by ed2k link sites which sets emule and edonkey apart from most other p2p networks. A verified ed2k content link guarentees the file you download is correct, the link itself contains a 'hash' (long number or string) that says exactly what data the finished file will have, you need never download a 'fake file' again!

See the ed2k links at the bottom of this post for more details.

Here's a few tips to serve as a guide which should help improve emule download speeds, I'll post more as I get round to it, please add advice or tell us about your emule settings and tweaks if I haven't covered it

In no particular order:


Dont pen your emule in!: emule (along with other p2p progs) behaves like a 'server', that means it wants to accept connections from other 'peers'. If you trust that emule is relativly secure then you should allow it *full access* to the internet. It's easy to believe that running a firewall and only allowing emule to connect in certain ways makes you more secure, I think that is wishful thinking! If you run a firewall then I'd advise allowing any connection to emule both udp an tcp incoming and outgoing, anything else will not allow edonkey to work at its best.

You can check how 'penned in' your emule is by looking at the bottom right of the client window, if you are connected to a server then the little icon should have green arrows round the logo, e.g.



Sometimes the server is too busy to give you a proper connection, try re-connecting to another server if the id is normally high (green icon) but you have been given a low id / emule is penned in (icon is yellow). The number is an ID which emule gets when it connects to a server, a low number (like 150 or so) indicates you are penning your emule in, the number needs to be in the many millions for true emule usage.

Another good source of information on this is at http://www.edonkey2000.com/documenta...reachable.html.

Emule can use configurable ports, the ports it will use are listed in

'preferances' > 'connection' in the 'client port' area.

If you are behind a NAT / router these ports need to be mapped to your internal network IP address and any firewalls you have should allow these ports to be connectable from the internet. The port on the left is TCP the one on the right is UDP. On mine I allow both inbound from any IP by configuring my firewall / NAT. I don't personally believe emule is totally secure (no software is w/o bugs!) but forceing emule to connect via a server may not make it any more secure or could even make it less secure (in theory at least), it depends on what exploit is found, just keep an eye out for new versions and updates


Cap the upload: (on a broadband connection anyway) The reason to do this isn't so you share less, emule and the edonkey network needs people sharing or no one gets anything. When you are downloading data for each little bit that emule downloads it must send an 'ack' (acknowlegement) if your upload stream is running at your connection limit these 'acks' wont get back/will be slowed down so you won't be sent the next little bit. Set the upload cap to about 70% to 90% of your total upload total capacity should improve download speed, so for instance if you are on 512/256 ADSL the max upload is about 25k/sec, set the upload cap at about 20k/sec in the options. Emule has a built in ratio mechanism, if you set the upload less than 10 or 11k/sec you will be 'punished' (i.e. your download speed will be severly capped which I think is kinda good!). You can tell if you have set the cap too low because the upload speed will be set to a fixed value when you close and re-open the window.

The setting is in 'preferances' > 'connection' in the 'limits' part on the right.




Use a links website: I think using a 'ed2k links' website is the way to go, many people use these sites and therefore the listed version of a file is likely to be available from more sources (better spread). Searching emule / edonkey network yourself is good for things which are a little obscure but you can often get some really great ideas on what to get next by looking at sites which list lots of emule / edonkey content (see the ed2k links thread). Also check out a service called jigle (again see links thread) as it does a good job of searching the edonkey / emule network and will show the different names a file is shared with.


Emule connection tweaks: If you use NT/XP or win2k then you can really tweak up some of the settings, assuming your router / NAT and PC that runs emule will handle it. Win98 doesn't do such a good job managing network connections and a slow PC (p300) won't handle much tweaking either. Some router / firewalls will spit the dummy at the large amount of entries in the NAT table if you tweak these too high (you have been warned!). These are the values I use and they seem to work for me, try tweaking them is all I suggest and let us know how you get on!

Some popular content is so well spread there are literally 1000's of people sharing the same file, emule and the edonkey network is very good at finding sources for the file you want, this is where you client's config could limit or increase your download speed.

On the connections screen (see below) you can set the 'max sources per file', I have set mine to 2500, I have seen this limit reached but 2500 seems enough generally. The other setting 'max connections' is total connections for your client, since most of the time I download 2 popular files at once (tops) I have mine set to twice the 'max sources per file' (I doubt I ever get to this limit!). You can check if the 'max connections' is ever reached, it's on the statistics window

'Statistics' (window) > 'Connection' > 'Max Connection Limit Reached'

I have never seen mine show anything other than 0 (i.e. limit not reached).



The other interesting setting is in the

'Preferances' > 'Extended Settings'

The 'max. new connections / 5secs'

Here again is dependant on your OS and the speed of your PC as well as the NAT (I suspect most NAT setups can handle quite a high value). This setting tells the client how many new connections it can make in a set period of time (obvious really!). I have mine set to 1000, it's not going to make as big a difference as the 'max sources per file' (above) but is will help a small amount when you start a new file that is well spread.

The last setting on the same window is 'use credit system', if you assume most people have this turned on and you turn it on also it will speed up transfers between you and others trying to get the same file. The way that emule identifies and remembers clients has changed (from 29c the new behaviour is the default) to use a unique generated public private key pair (see emule 29c available for more details) which means that you will still keep your credits even if your IP changes.


Download priority: On the main 'transfer' window you can right click and set the priority of a download, this option is used to determine which of the files you are downloading get priority. Emule stops you downloading multiple files from one person at the same time, so where another client may have all the files you need you can only be queued for one of those, so set this to 'high' for the most urgent download (or perhaps set it 'high' for the download with the least sources on the network).


Faster queue turnround (credit system) This is a little tweak you can do if you are bored waiting for a specific file and you have other files shared.

Let's say you have 20 completed files shared and you start downloading a new file. It's likely that your upload queue is full of people downloading the other files you are sharing, this stops people downloading the new file from you as they get stuck somewhere down the queue, in turn your credit rating is lowered as you download parts from them but they don't download from you.

A way round this is to goto the 'shared files' tab and find the file you are downloading, set this to 'release' (the new file will only appear once you have downloaded a few megs of it). Setting to release gives priority to the file and people trying to get this file from you get priority in your upload queue, thus allowing faster turn-round of credits for the file.

It's not that clear it makes that much difference (or perhaps any) but if you are bored try it out and let me know what you think, it's only useful if you share other files (hopefully you do! )


Security If you have win2k or XP then a good little security option added recently is the "Run eMule as Unprivileged User". It works by creating a user account on your PC that has less access to sensitive files and system controls. If you normally login to your PC as an Administrator level user then this is a really good thing to turn on. Setting is in "Preferences > Security" down the bottom.


Kad Network Kad is an alternate way for clients to find each other rather than using the main ed2k server system (it's a good idea to use both Kad and the ed2k servers).

There's not a great deal to say about this, just turn it on and connect it. To enable Kad goto "Preferences > Connection" and check "Kad" in the bottom right corner. To connect to Kad should be simple, goto the Kad icon at the top of Emule and the first time press "Bootstrap", it should just connect. If you look in the "Servers" window under "My Info" it should show connected (note that you don't want it to include the word "Firewalled" - since you won't get as good connectivity that way).


Patience Last but not least, new users of emule may do all the tweaking and select a well spread file from a popular ed2k links site, watch the screen for an hour and wonder why they have only downloaded a few kbytes.

Emule works by downloading off clients and uploading to clients, many people run emule 24/7, they probably have over 1000 people waiting to download something from them. You are only going to get to the head of their queue after some waiting. If I look at the stats on my emule it shows most of the people currently downloading from me have waited over a day to get a download (this isn't unusual I think!).

I suggest leaving it running 24/7 if you can, stopping and restarting it may mean you loose your place in the queue. As a rough estimate emule doesn't really get going till after a few hours, sometimes longer, the longer you can leave it on the better!


A seperate thread exists for ed2k links please add more ed2k links if you know of them!

Have fun sharing

Sil

PS, my NAT / firewall solution I made a seperate post about, easy introduction to a neat setup <thread>:Make Your Own Router - secrets revealed

Last edited by silver; 30-March-2005 at 08:16.
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Old 23-May-2003, 12:19
Tony
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thanks am trying that, would it not be better to set the upload capacity lower??
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Old 23-May-2003, 12:33
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yes and no, the upload capacity should not be set lower than 10 or 11 kBs , if you connection is 512/256, setting it lower puts you on a sliding scale of reduced download (you will notice this if you set it lower than 10 I think). This allows it to work nicely for those on dialup, since setting the upload to a low value (2 kBs for dialup?) won't affect their download (since it's quite low also).

You could as you say set the upload limit to 12 or 13 kBs and the download is still unlimited, but for a number of reasons I don't think this is the best idea. Firstly emule / edonkey network relies on people sharing, the more people give the better for all (a kind of 'moral' thing!). The way the credit system works means that the more you give the better your rating and the quicker you get the files you need, there's no simple way to avoid the credit rating sytem (thankfully!). Lastly, why limit when you probably aren't using the upload capacity of your connecton for anything else, so long as you give yourself a 5 KBs margin or so then lettting emule use the rest isn't going to affect your general usage in most cases, your surfing and other downloading isn't using the upload so isn't really affected?

That's my personal view, each must decide for themselves I guess

Sil

edit - there's no doubt ways of hacking the client to avoid the sliding scale that relates download to upload capacities, I think this is a bad idea for the above reasons!

Last edited by silver; 23-May-2003 at 12:37.
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Old 23-May-2003, 13:16
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oops - may not have answered your question, I though you meant 'limit' not capacity, the capacity settings on the left are only used in the statistics graph. On mine I have the download window twice the scale of the upload one so it's easier to see what's what. I also have changed the timeline to 8 hours so I can see what happened overnight

Sil

PS, added 'download priorty' text into first post.

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Last edited by silver; 22-January-2006 at 11:31.
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Old 29-December-2004, 20:02
Loric
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

I also have changed the timeline to 8 hours so I can see what happened overnight
Originally Posted by silver
This tweak guide is a blessing!

Can you explain how you changed the stats graph timeline to 8 hours? I would like to do the same and never found where that could be changed from the default 40 minutes. (I'm using emule 0.44d)

Thanks
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Old 29-December-2004, 21:09
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silver silver is offline
 
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

yep - easy

it's under preferances > statistics

and change 'update delay' - set to whatever you like - 50 seconds gives abt 8 hrs

Sil

PS, welcome to TS!
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Old 23-February-2005, 06:25
MK23
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Silver,

I just recently came upon emule, I am overwhelmed with the amount of content. However the speed is nothing like limewire.........so far.
Hopefully you can help, I have looked over the tips and tricks and dont
seem to be making a dent yet on speed.

I have a 5mbps connection which usually runs at about 4.5 megs to 4.8 megs download and from what the provider says its about 350 upload.

My emule settings are:

download capacities - 4500 (download)
350 (upload)

download limits - 4500 (download)
151 (upload)

Max sources - 2500

Max limit - 5000

file buffer size - 256 kbps

que size - 5000

As an example I am downloading right now a file at 3kbps.......I have about 48 files in the download screen but have stopped all but one for now just to see how fast one file is doing. Uploads are average at about 3kbps. I am running xp..............if I have missed something you would like to know please give me a heads up. I dont know what I am doing wrong but, I had it running for like a week and only downloaded 2 files. An MP3 took about 2 days where as on limewire took less than 2 minutes.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks,

MK23
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Old 23-February-2005, 08:48
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silver silver is offline
 
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Hi MK23,

Prolly worth finding out the actual up and down speeds, try something like http://www.adslguide.org.uk/tools/speedtest.asp (you can post a link to the results or paste the text here).

The answer may be that the files you are trying to get are rare, how many sources for the file you are downloading?

Also - do you have a high-id, are you connected to kad - i.e. does the little icon on bottom right look like

?

Sil

PS, welcome to TS!
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Old 17-August-2005, 02:17
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Silver,

I have a 5mbps connection which usually runs at about 4.5 megs to 4.8 megs download and from what the provider says its about 350 upload.

My emule settings are:

download capacities - 4500 (download)
350 (upload)

download limits - 4500 (download)
151 (upload)

Max sources - 2500

Max limit - 5000

file buffer size - 256 kbps

que size - 5000

MK23
Originally Posted by MK23

Not sure if this helps, but your ISP is giving you your speeds in Kbits, and the eMule settings are in KBytes, so you'll need to divide your speeds by 8, so your real eMule download capacity should be 4500/8 = 562.5 KB, and upload capacity should be 350/8 = 43.75 KB. Your current upload setting is simplying saturating your network. Hope this is your fix.
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Old 23-May-2003, 13:29
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ahhh i see. will get back to it in a bit and look
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Old 18-June-2003, 11:24
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Tony,

Did you notice any difference?

Sil

PS,. General Note: Not sure I was clear but to add, increasing the max sources is only going to make a difference when a file is *very* well spread, in effect it just makes your client queue itself with more peers/clients for that file.

There's no magic in p2p, you best you can get download is the combined speed of all the uploads (well it is stating the obvious but worth stating perhaps!).
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Old 18-June-2003, 12:20
Tony
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hi sil

yes it certainly seemed to make a differance, always difficult to prove as speeds can be all over the place as you know,

have had to do a re-install of XP and all software and have not got round to modifying mule again and it seems to be slower.

one thing is certain your mods did not make it worse so they are worth doing
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Old 18-June-2003, 16:39
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kewl

for a well spread file it should make a measurable difference, should be able to max out your download most of the time

I don't think theres is a downside as such, some would argue that if there's more current downloads than your download bandwidth can handle that it's not an efficient use of the p2p network, i.e. you would be stopping others downloading. There's a small grain of truth in that, obviously if you are maxing your download bandwidth totally then you may want to change the download priority to 'normal' or 'low' and/or reduce 'max sources per file'.

Leaving 'max sources per file' on a high value if the file you want isn't well spread doesn't appear to use any more resources, in so far as tcp or udp connections (I don't know internally what emule does) so shouldn't have any ill effects

Sil
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Old 24-August-2003, 02:25
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added part titled 'Faster queue turnround (credit system)', it seems to make a difference to me, I have 30 or so files shared at any one time and increasing the priority for a file I want to get quickly seems to help,. or perhaps I imagine it!

there's some other tricks I have thought of which I will get round to posting at some point,. there's a neat trick to mess with the credit system which I may post once I check it works

Sil

PS,. I hope you find this guide useful, if so please consider linking it from other forums or sites you visit, it's linked from a few already and I often check the weblogs,. it's nice to see peeps linking it

Last edited by silver; 27-July-2004 at 14:27.
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Old 18-September-2003, 11:05
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Is there any way to alter the number of uploads?
I know 8 at time aint that much but I would prefer 5 at a time.

Using a Netgear DG814 with it's latest firmware, and the firmware is a bit unstable, router is quite easy to crash with too many active connections :|

Had to update the firmware as all previous versions were causing DDOS attacks on a NTP server that was set in the router (silly netgear) new firmware has a list of 8 of them, previous ones only had 1 server, and it would keep hammering that server untill it got a reply. (shame ya can't pick yer own as pipex has it's own ntp servers)
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Old 18-September-2003, 14:13
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Not in emule (there could well be a mod'd emule that lets you) as far as I can tell the number of users in the current uploads list is roughtly based on the upload speed you have set . On mine it seems to give each uploader about 3.5k (well that's how it looks on mine) so the more upload capacity you set the more people that will be allowed into the current uploads queue.

router crashes, the setting that should help here is the 'max connections' - if you set this to 50 or something (experiment is the way to find out what value is best) should help a lot,.. this is not the same as 'max sources per file' which can still be set reasonably high. Once a new file has settled into emule and is downloading the 'max connections' doesn't have that much bearing on the downloads (unless it's set really low!).

Also reduce the 'max. new connections / 5secs' - setting this lower really won't make that much difference in the long run as it has most effect when you start a new download and has very little effect after emule has been downloading for a while.



Sil
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Old 18-September-2003, 18:26
NA-RYAN
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Yeah found that out buy playing about abit.
Will tweak about a ikkle bit more, to see what's best
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Old 12-February-2004, 02:20
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Question NAT/Router Configuration

"If you are behind a NAT / router these ports need to be mapped to your internal network IP address and any firewalls you have should allow these ports to be connectable from the internet."
- Silver

I am not sure how I would go about doing this. I use a 4 port router. Any help appreciated.
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Old 12-February-2004, 14:03
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Hi Arval,

Welcome to TS!

How you open those ports depends entirely on which router you have, each works in a slightly different way.

In general you are looking for a configuration setting on the router called 'port mapping' or 'server access' or some such. If you post a link to your router on the web someone may be able to give further information.

An example for one router is at <thread>:emule low id using bt voyager 2000 wireless network HELP!!

Sil

PS, I might split this thread or you can start a new thread with the the title <router make / model> emule low id port mapping problem (or some such!)
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Old 01-March-2004, 16:41
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Thanks for the help Silver but it seems to be working pretty darn well with just yellow hands around the little globe thingy so I'll just leave myself more secure by leaving my router alone. I'm regularly getting 51 or 52 kbps when set to 20kbps upload and that's enough for me

Cheers all the same, great thread
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Old 08-October-2004, 10:57
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Hi Silver,

Concerning priority in downloads. You say:

- "I always set mine to 'high', it tells the client how 'agressive' to be in looking for new sources"

I think this is not correct (from the official homepage):

"File Priority: In a given category the file priority decides which file will receive the sources."

Thus, the priority in downloads (not in shared files) refers to A4AF (Asked for another file) sources, i.e. when you request more than one file to the same user. So, it's only for disambiguation.

On the other hand, I suppose that if everybody upload files with "release" priority maybe there's a risk that old files disappear, and the traffic reduces to the "newest" or "top" files. Don't you think so?

Very useful is the rating/credit algorithm described briefly in the official homepage too:

http://www.emule-project.net/home/pe...c&topic_id=104

If you read this, you can deduce most of all "magic" tricks & tips.

bye!
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Old 08-October-2004, 11:10
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silver silver is offline
 
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

- "I always set mine to 'high', it tells the client how 'agressive' to be in looking for new sources"

I think this is not correct (from the official homepage):

"File Priority: In a given category the file priority decides which file will receive the sources."
it definatly used to work how I said (tho am going back some - on edonkey perhaps!).. but it makes sense that it is using the priority to choose which file gets the download when there's an uploader who has more than one of the files you need. Will ammend.

On the other hand, I suppose that if everybody upload files with "release" priority maybe there's a risk that old files disappear, and the traffic reduces to the "newest" or "top" files. Don't you think so?
yes - totally agree,. though it's swings and roundabouts to some extent,. I think it better that people share multiple files and occasionally push the file they download to release than remove the old sources from the network in order to speed their download,. I thought I'd got a line in there somewhere about dropping the upload priority back to normal after the file was downloaded.. will amend at some point

thanks for the link and thanks for the comments

Sil
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Old 08-November-2004, 00:01
mogzy
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Thumbs up Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

hi im new to emule and im trying to download a file but i kind seem to get my download speed past6kbs per second ive tried all the above by turning my upload speed up and i still cant get it past 6kbs im using a WG111 router and i check that no1 in my family has there computer turned on when im downloading and no1 dose so please help me with this thx

MogZy
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Old 08-November-2004, 16:03
Memfis Memfis is offline
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

you really need to understand how the credit system works.
http://www.emule-project.net/home/pe...&rm=show_topic

How queue ranking works
http://www.emule-project.net/home/pe...&rm=show_topic

This explains how changes to upload or download priorities effect the mule.

browse the other topics there for further info.
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Old 27-November-2004, 02:43
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

I was wondering if anyone had any new tips on how to tweak emule. I'm using emule pkus v. 1.1. I noticed some new stuff in there especially how you can't connect to the KAD thing you were talking about earlier in this thread. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
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Old 01-December-2004, 01:23
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Not sure if this server list has already been posted - Apologies if it has.
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Old 02-July-2005, 10:45
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

[SIZE=7][FONT=Fixedsys]Hi,
On emule under the servers heading I seem to have no connection to KAD server....when I connect.

I am also getting on start-up the following message - "no server list address entry in "address.dat" please paste a valid serverlist address into this file to auto update server lists" when I start up emule.

I have tried to reload emule but no joy....I think I need the URL for Kad to update my server on the servers tab?

When I connect is shows on the information section ...

EMULE/SERVERS Tab

Kad Network
Status: Disconnected


Can you help me with this issues....
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Old 02-July-2005, 10:58
Memfis Memfis is offline
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

Kad is a serverless network. Personally I dont use it so dont know too much, however my understanding is this.

Once you have connected to the standard ed2k network over time a database of known clients is created. KAD uses this file to connect to one of the high ID known users running KAD to 'Bootstrap' from. I actually found when I did play with it that I could bootstrap using my own ip or none at all. Most of my admin'ing was via the webadmin screen which simply asks for an IP.

You must have a high ID to use KAD.

The KAD network is a serverless network (meaning no single point of failier), each connected client caches data about part of the KAD network. this does not cache files rather the known file list and clients etc. the KAD network is then searched over lots of clients to find the data. This does mean you will see people searching your KAD client for files that you do not share. This is normal.

make sure you are running the latest emule client from emule project's homepage

Also have a peak at emule's faq and section on server lists. The faq also include links to pages of constantly updated serverlists.

Last edited by Memfis; 02-July-2005 at 11:06.
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  #29  
Old 02-July-2005, 11:30
yellit
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Cool Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

thanks for this,

Is there any way I can get rid of the start up issue I mentioned on start-up the following message - "no server list address entry in "address.dat" please paste a valid serverlist address into this file to auto update server lists

I have found I cannot paste anything into it as it is a video file?

Cheers!
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  #30  
Old 02-July-2005, 11:50
Memfis Memfis is offline
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Default Re: Emule tweak + tips guide / how to speed up emule ed2k network client

the emule faq in my links gives information on how to update these lists.
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